Programming Languages in 2023: Top picks and Trends

The number of programming languages in use continues to grow each year, with experts estimating that there are currently at least 500 actively used languages and over 8,000 created throughout history. Today, we want to present you with the top programming languages for 2023.

The data is collected based on:
  • Stackoverflow
    IT portal
  • Glassdoor
    Job portal
  • Lucky Hunter
    IT recruitment agency

1. Python

Python remains the most popular programming language in 2023 due to its simplicity, versatility, and ease of use. It can be applied in analytics, artificial intelligence, and web development. Python can be used in a wide range of applications, such as analytics, artificial intelligence, and web development. Python developers will surely remain in high demand in the coming years.
Read here: how to find a Python developer for a British startup in three weeks.

2. JavaScript

JavaScript is one of the most popular programming languages in 2023, widely used for developing both the front-end and back-end of websites, mobile applications, and games. With the development of Single-Page Applications (SPAs) and increasing demand for adaptive websites, the popularity of JavaScript will continue to grow.

3. C#

C#, a programming language developed by Microsoft for creating various applications and games, is also in high demand. Many large companies, including Accenture, Infosys, and HCL Technologies, actively seek C# developers for their projects.

4. TypeScript

TypeScript is a programming language that extends JavaScript by adding features such as static typing. It is widely used in developing large-scale applications and is known for its ability to catch errors during compilation, making code maintenance easier.

5. PHP

PHP is a server-side scripting language that has been used in web development for many years. It is a popular choice for creating dynamic web pages and web applications. With a large community of developers and support from various frameworks such as Laravel, Symfony, and CodeIgniter, PHP remains a relevant language in the field.

6. Ruby

Ruby is a flexible and elegant programming language widely used in web development, particularly with the Ruby on Rails framework. It supports multiple programming paradigms, including functional programming and metaprogramming. Renowned companies such as Twitter, Airbnb, and Shopify rely on Ruby for their development needs.

7. GoLang

GoLang is a programming language developed by Google that has gained significant popularity in recent years. Its defining features are high performance, simplicity, and parallelism capabilities. GoLang is widely used in network programming and cloud computing, and its popularity is expected to continue to grow in 2023.
By the way, our recruiters filled the Senior Golang Developer position in just three weeks.

8. Kotlin

Kotlin is a relatively new programming language that has gained popularity in Android development due to its simplicity, conciseness, and safety. It is also compatible with Java, allowing developers to utilize Java libraries.

9. Swift

Swift was created by Apple for developing mobile applications for iOS and macOS. It's known for its speed and security, making it an attractive choice for mobile developers. Due to the popularity of Apple, Swift will expectedly continue to be a popular programming language in 2023.

IT portal Stack Overflow conducts an annual survey for IT professionals.

Vox Populi

The IT portal Stack Overflow conducts an annual survey for IT professionals. We'd like to share with you the data on the programming languages that developers were most willing to work with in 2022.

1. Rust

Rust is a relatively new language known for its memory safety and speed, making it ideal for systems programming and appealing to the gaming industry. According to the StackOverflow survey, Rust has been the most loved language for seven years in a row, with 86.73% of respondents confirming this in 2022.
Our agency Lucky Hunter has also a case of finding Rust developers.

2. Elixir

Elixir is a programming language created based on Erlang, allowing the development of high-traffic systems. It's capable of processing large volumes of real-time data and maintaining high levels of parallelism. 75.46% of respondents chose Elixir on StackOverflow.

3. Clojure

Clojure is a functional programming language created based on Lisp. Clojure takes a functional approach to programming and allows the creation of scalable and concurrent applications. Clojure can also run on the JVM and interact with Java code, making it an attractive choice for developing applications on the Java platform. Additionally, Clojure has an active and open community of developers working on its development and expanding its capabilities, helping it remain relevant and competitive today. 75.23% of respondents chose Clojure.

Looking to the Future

Programming languages continue to evolve and adapt to the changing needs of the IT industry. Companies, like developers, need to keep up with these changes to remain competitive in the job market and create innovative solutions for the future.

We hope our article was useful and informative – sometimes it could be rather difficult to understand all the intricacies of IT professions. At Lucky Hunter, our experts can help you find the best specialists and also assist you in determining who your company truly needs. Fill out the form at the bottom of the page, and we will reach out to you!

What else to read