Types of IT Pros Every IT Recruiter Should Know

Many people, in particular, novice tech recruiters, think that IT specialists necessarily know a programming language, code, build projects on GitHub, etc. Of course, the overwhelming majority of tech specialists are developers, there are more than 80% of them. Nevertheless, in the IT-sphere there are also specialities for whom there is absolutely no need to code.

In this article, we'll tell you what types of developers are there in the tech sphere. We'll also highlight several IT professions, to master which you don't need to know programming languages.

Types of developers

Not so long ago, there was an article on the Stackoverflow blog - a study on the most popular types of developers. To create the article, the authors interviewed more than 90 thousand specialists. As a result, the authors managed to distinguish 12 types of developers. Let's see which professions have landed on the list:

1. Backend Developers

In another way, they are called server-side developers. They are responsible for the inner side of the site, hidden from the user. Backend developers deal with the database, architecture, program logic. The most popular languages for server-side developers are Python, C ++, and Java.
According to Stackoverflow, Backend developers are the most widespread type of developers in the tech world.

2. Frontend Developers

Unlike Backend specialists, Frontend developers are responsible for the site interface, its creation, maintaining, improving. That is why Frontend developers are often called "client-side" developers. The main task of the Frontend developer is to make the site user-friendly, work out the design.

The main skill of a Frontend Developer is knowledge of JavaScript. The most common framework is React.
Frontend developers often work in tandem with a UX / UI designer. The designer works out the colour scheme, creates the logic of the site, and the Frontend developer puts the idea into life.

3. Full-stack Developer

Everything is clear here: this is a full-cycle specialist who develops a website from A to Z, combining the skills of both Backend and Frontend developers.

4. Desktop Developer

These are specialists who develop software designed to work in various operating systems (IOS, Windows, Linux, OSX). Desktop developers can work with one OS or several at once.
Noteworthy is that today Desktop developers are not as widespread as they were 10-15 years ago, but still, they are ranked fourth in the Stackoverflow list :)

5. Mobile App Developer

These specialists are engaged in the development of mobile Apps for IOS and Android. A few interesting facts to note: According to Stackoverflow data, Mobile Developers receive, on average, lower salaries than other developers.

However, as stated in the Stackoverflow study, this is due to the fact that Mobile Developers are often less experienced than other types of IT professionals.

6. Graphics Programmer

These specialists are involved in the creation of video games, special effects, computer graphics. The languages that Graphic Programmers know are most often JavaScript, C ++, and a cross-platform game engine - Unity.

In order not to tire you, let's stop here. The second part of the types is represented as a shortlist:

7. Database Administrator

8. Data Scientist

9. DevOps Engineer

10. QA

11. Client Relationship Management Developer

12. Embedded Developer

Other IT-specialities

So, we're done with types of developers. Now let's switch to the tech specialities, to master which you don't need to know programming languages at all.
  • SEO specialists
    These are specialists who are engaged in website optimization and are responsible for its positions in the search engine results. Ideally, SEO specialists should "read" the code, know the main tags, but to know programming languages is completely unnecessary.
  • Business Analysts
    These are specialists who solve business problems, investigate cause-and-effect relationships, and identify their patterns. Business analysts are closer to marketers than to developers. You can read more about the types of analysts here.
  • Product/Project Managers
    They are executives in the tech world. Product Manager is responsible for the product development, Project is responsible for projects. Read more about the difference between specialities here.
These are only the TOP-3 of the most popular "non-developer" areas in the tech world. In fact, there is a huge number of such professions. These are marketers, technical writers, Sales, UI / UX designers, IT recruiters, HR-specialists. The choice is huge :)

Hope we've helped you learn the IT specialities a little better and convinced you that the tech world is much wider than it seems at first glance.
Polina Barabanova
Content Manager at Lucky Hunter
Specializes in tech staff recruitment, startups, tech research, career, HR, and news topics. With her expertise, she provides valuable insights and practical advice to navigate the ever-evolving tech industry.

By the way, despite the fact that the IT world is so multifaceted and wide, we can easily recruit any tech professional for a company. We are waiting for your requests at Lucky Hunter.

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